Reefer Shipping & Logistics

81 pp

Easy Fresh

By Ekaterina Fefelova, for Plymouth University, published by Easy Fresh, 2018, 81 pp

The book "Reefer shipping & logistics" deals about reefer shipping & logistic history, current situation, goods using reefer transport, places of source and destinations, and future of the reefer transport.

Refrigerated containers, commonly called “reefers”, allow freight to be temperature-controlled from pickup to drop-off.

Most people know that refrigerated containers carry frozen foods, meat and fresh produce, but many other products like electronic equipment, flowers, medicine, cosmetics and fine art are also hauled in reefers.

The first patent for refrigerated rail cars was granted in 1867; ... 1899, the refrigerated fruit ship traffic reached 90,000 tons per year to the US; mid-way through the 1930’s the first portable air-cooling unit was invented by Fred Jones; In 1980 33% of refrigerated transport capacity in maritime shipping was containerized compared to 90 % in 2010.

Current situation of refrigerated container is characterized by cold chains are becoming increasingly complex and dynamic with sourcing locations being changed increasingly quickly and purchase orders becoming smaller and more frequent.

The text also  analysed food production and food consumption regions, which explains the increase of transport needs, together with the changes in incomes of the different countries.

The needs of preparation of the goods and during the transport are analyzed, the advantages and disadvantages of multimodal transport, as well as the future for reefer logistic, including reefer trains.


I. The history of reefer freight

II. Container reefer shipping

2.1. How does reefer container works?

2.2. What can you transport by reefer?

2.3. Cold chain technology

2.4. Temperature control systems

2.5. Distribution global market

2.6. E-grocery

2.7. Cold storages

2.8. Track and trace

2.9. The way forward of a reefer logistics supplier

III. Trends in reefer cargo shipping

3.1. Consumption trends

3.2. Production trends

IV. The future of reefer shipping and logistics

4.1. The future of reefer logistics and its complexity

4.2. Food safety and food waste

4.3. New future of reefer logistic – reefer trains

4.4. The multimodal solutions in reefer shipping

V. Literature

VI. Abbreviations

By Ekaterina Fefelova, for Plymouth University, published by Easy Fresh, 2018, 81 pp

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